fbpx
Tag

ETH Archives - Coinscious

Coinscious Cryptocurrency Market Report - July 8, 2019 - Chainlink

ChainLink Outshines With 203% Returns In One Month

By | Coinscious Lab, Data Analytics, Market Report | No Comments
Coinscious Cryptocurrency Market Report - July 8, 2019 - Chainlink LINK ZIL

Overview

Released bi-weekly, this report aims to identify broad trends in the cryptocurrency market. In order to reflect the latest developments in this fast-paced and volatile market, the reports plan to focus on metrics derived from a 30-day rolling window of data, this time from June 8, 2019 to July 7, 2019.

Our universe of analysis includes 50 of some of the most widely used and traded cryptocurrencies. Please see Appendix A for the complete list. Chainlink

Analysis

The performance of major cryptocurrencies over the past month was mixed, with 26 out of the 50 cryptocurrencies that we examined up from their values 30 days ago. Bitcoin (BTC), the largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization, is currently trading above $11000 at the time of writing, having oscillated between $10000 and $12000 last week.

Outside of cryptocurrencies, the S&P 500 is up 3.59% from 30 days ago and closed last Friday at $2990.41.

Figure 1 presents the risk versus return trade-off over the past 30 days by plotting mean daily return versus historical daily volatility for various cryptocurrencies. 

Figure 1. Plot of mean daily return against historical daily volatility for individual cryptocurrencies from June 8, 2019 to July 7, 2019. Higher returns at a given level of risk, measured through historical daily volatility, indicates a better investment. Chainlink

Chainlink - Cryptocurrency Risk Return

The best performer overall over the past month was ChainLink (LINK), with a total return of 202.94%. ChainLink aims to be a reliable decentralized data oracle that provides data inputs for smart contracts. ChainLink also had the second highest Sharpe ratio of the cryptocurrencies analyzed, beat only by Huobi Token (HT).

The second and third best performing cryptocurrencies were HyperCash (HC) and Qtum (QTUM), with total returns of 115.05% and 55.76% respectively.

Zilliqa (ZIL) was the worst performing cryptocurrency, with total losses of 27.54%. Zilliqa is a public blockchain platform. Its specialty is that it is designed to handle high transaction rates that scale linearly with network size.

The second and third worst performing cryptocurrencies were Augur’s Reputation (REP) and Nano (NANO) with total losses of 22.73%  and 21.19% respectively.

Figure 2a. Mean daily returns, historical daily volatility, total returns, and ex-post Sharpe ratio for each of the five cryptocurrencies with the highest total returns from June 8, 2019 to July 7, 2019. More positive Sharpe ratios are more desirable. The Sharpe ratio is calculated with the 10 year US Treasury bill rate as the annual risk-free rate.

Cryptocurrency List - LINK Positive Performers, HC, QTUM, BTC, NEO

Figure 2b. Mean daily returns, historical daily volatility, total returns, and ex-post Sharpe ratio for each of the five cryptocurrencies with the lowest total returns from June 8, 2019 to July 7, 2019 More positive Sharpe ratios are more desirable. The Sharpe ratio is calculated with the 10 year US Treasury bill rate as the annual risk-free rate

Cryptocurrency List - Negative Positive Performers, ZIL, REP, NANO, LSK, WAVES

Figure 3 plots daily candlesticks of the prices of Bitcoin (BTC), Ether (ETH) and XRP (XRP), the three largest cryptocurrencies by market capitalization. In addition, the following commonly used technical analysis indicators are shown:

  • Simple moving averages (SMA) with periods of 50, 100, and 200 days
  • Relative strength index (RSI) with a period of 14 days
  • Moving average convergence divergence (MACD) with a fast EMA period of 12 days, slow EMA period of 26 days, and a signal period of 9 days

The 50-day simple moving averages for Bitcoin, Ether, and XRP continue to stay above the 100-day moving averages, a continuation of a long-term bullish signal.

The RSI values of Bitcoin and Ether crossed briefly above the 70 overbought threshold and dipped below again. XRP’s RSI stayed between 30 and 70, neither overbought or oversold, for the entire past 30 days.

For all top three cryptocurrencies, the MACD line crossed below the MACD signal line towards the end of June. This is known as a bearish crossover and could have been interpreted as a bearish signal.

Figure 3a. Price of Bitcoin (BTC) in USD at Bitstamp from June 8, 2019 to July 7, 2019.

Figure 3a. Price of Bitcoin (BTC) in USD at Bitstamp from June 8, 2019 to July 7, 2019.

Figure 3b. Price of Ether (ETH) in USD at Bitstamp from June 8, 2019 to July 7, 2019.

Figure 3b. Price of Ether (ETH) in USD at Bitstamp from June 8, 2019 to July 7, 2019.

Figure 3c. Price of XRP (XRP) at Bitstamp in USD from June 8, 2019 to July 7, 2019. Chainlink

Figure 3c. Price of XRP (XRP) at Bitstamp in USD from June 8, 2019 to July 7, 2019.

APPENDIX A: Cryptocurrencies

Below is a complete list of all cryptocurrencies examined in this market report. In addition, we present the mean daily returns, historical daily volatility, total returns, and ex-post Sharpe ratio for each cryptocurrency from June 8, 2019 to July 7, 2019. More positive Sharpe ratios are more desirable. The Sharpe ratio is calculated with the 10 year US Treasury bill rate as the annual risk-free rate.

Cryptocurrency List - July 8, 2019 - Chainlink
Cryptocurrency List - July 8, 2019 - Chainlink
Cryptocurrency List - July 8, 2019 - Chainlink

APPENDIX B: Methodology

The daily price data of cryptocurrencies in USD at 4:00 PM EST from June 8, 2019 to July 7, 2019 was used for our calculations.

The prices are the volume weighted average price of the cryptocurrency in USD at 4:00 PM EST each day across all exchanges where Coinscious has data. The only exception is Siacoin (SC), where we used the Yahoo Finance price instead due to data quality issues at the time of writing.

Daily closing price data of the S&P 500 index was obtained from Yahoo Finance. The latest 10 year US Treasury bill rate from YCharts was used for calculations involving a risk-free rate.

In subsequent reports, we may update our universe, sectors, methodology, and analysis to reflect new developments.

APPENDIX C: Terminology

  • Volatility: A measure of the dispersion in the trading price of an instrument over a certain period of time, defined as the standard deviation of an instrument’s returns.
  • Sharpe ratio: A risk adjusted measure of return that describes the reward per unit of risk. The reward is the average excess returns of an investment against a benchmark or risk-free rate of return, and the risk is the standard deviation of the excess returns. A higher Sharpe ratio is better. Ex-ante Sharpe ratio is calculated with expected returns whereas ex-post Sharpe ratio is calculated with realized historical returns.

Disclaimer

The information contained herein is for informational purposes only and is not intended as a research report or investment advice. It should not be construed as Coinscious recommending investment in cryptocurrencies or other products or services, or as a solicitation to buy or sell any security or engage in a particular investment strategy. Investment in the crypto market entails substantial risk. Before acting on any information, you should consider whether it is suitable for your particular circumstances and consult all available material, and, if necessary, seek professional advice.

Coinscious and its partners, directors, shareholders and employees may have a position in entities referred to herein or may make purchases and/or sales from time to time, or they may act, or may have acted in the past, as an advisor to certain companies mentioned herein and may receive, or may have received, a remuneration for their services from those companies.

Neither Coinscious or its partners, directors, shareholders or employees shall be liable for any damage, expense or other loss that you may incur out of reliance on any information contained in this report. Chainlink

REPORT SERVICE

Crypto Market Report - June 24, 2019

Market Report: an analysis of recent historical performances of the top 50 assets to identify current cryptocurrency market trends. Subscribe now

Exchange Report: an analysis of recent historical volumes and prices of 18 mainstream exchanges to identify better or fairer cryptocurrency platforms Subscribe now

SIGN-UP FREE:  MARKET DATA API  |  ALERT API  | REPORT SERVICE

Crypto Market Report - June 24, 2019

Bitcoin Surpasses $11K While HyperCash Soars With 211% Returns

By | Coinscious Lab, Data Analytics, Market Report | No Comments
Crypto Market Report - HyperCash Tezos

Overview

Released bi-weekly, this report aims to identify broad trends in the cryptocurrency market. In order to reflect the latest developments in this fast-paced and volatile market, the reports plan to focus on metrics derived from a 30-day rolling window of data, this time from May 25, 2019 to June 23, 2019.

Our universe of analysis includes 50 of some of the most widely used and traded cryptocurrencies. Please see Appendix A for the complete list.

Analysis

The performance of major cryptocurrencies over the past month was good, with 39 out of the 50 cryptocurrencies that we examined up from their values 30 days ago. Bitcoin (BTC), the largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization, is currently trading around $11000 at the time of writing, having just surpassed $10000 late last week.

Outside of cryptocurrencies, the S&P 500 is up 4.40% from 30 days ago and closed last Friday at $2950.46.

Figure 1 presents the risk versus return trade-off over the past 30 days by plotting mean daily return versus historical daily volatility for various cryptocurrencies.

Figure 1. Plot of mean daily return against historical daily volatility for individual cryptocurrencies from May 25, 2019 to June 23, 2019. Higher returns at a given level of risk, measured through historical daily volatility, indicates a better investment.

Cryptocurrency Risk Return HyperCash Bitcoin

The best performer overall over the past month was HyperCash (HC), with a total return of 211.43%. With its high daily returns and low volatility, HyperCash also has the highest Sharpe ratio of all cryptocurrencies analyzed. HyperCash belongs to an emerging class of cryptocurrencies called sidechains, which facilitate the transfer of digital assets between other blockchains.

The second and third best performing cryptocurrencies were Monacoin (MONA) and Bitcoin SV (BSV), with total returns of 158.17% and 153.07% respectively.

Tezos (XTZ) was the worst performing cryptocurrency, with total losses of 20.44%. Tezos is a self-amending proof-of-work dApp platform with built in mechanisms designed to remove the need to hard fork when implementing protocol amendments.

The second and third worst performing cryptocurrencies were Waves (WAVES) and Nano (NANO) with total losses of 10.13%  and 8.58% respectively.

Figure 2a. Mean daily returns, historical daily volatility, total returns, and ex-post Sharpe ratio for each of the five cryptocurrencies with the highest total returns from May 25, 2019 to June 23, 2019. More positive Sharpe ratios are more desirable. The Sharpe ratio is calculated with the 10 year US Treasury bill rate as the annual risk-free rate.

Crypto Report - HyperCasH HC, MONA, BSV, GXC, BTM

Figure 2b. Mean daily returns, historical daily volatility, total returns, and ex-post Sharpe ratio for each of the five cryptocurrencies with the lowest total returns from May 25, 2019 to June 23, 2019 More positive Sharpe ratios are more desirable. The Sharpe ratio is calculated with the 10 year US Treasury bill rate as the annual risk-free rate

Crypto Report - XTZ, WAVES, NANO, ICX, REP

Figure 3 plots daily candlesticks of the prices of Bitcoin (BTC), Ether (ETH) and XRP (XRP), the three largest cryptocurrencies by market capitalization. In addition, the following commonly used technical analysis indicators are shown:

  • Simple moving averages (SMA) with periods of 50, 100, and 200 days
  • Relative strength index (RSI) with a period of 14 days
  • Moving average convergence divergence (MACD) with a fast EMA period of 12 days, slow EMA period of 26 days, and a signal period of 9 days

The 50-day simple moving averages for Bitcoin, Ether, and XRP continue to stay above the 100-day moving averages, a continuation of a long-term bullish signal.

The RSI values of Bitcoin crossed and is currently above the 70 overbought threshold. Ether’s RSI also briefly crossed above the 70 overbought threshold before dipping below again. XRP’s RSI stayed between 30 and 70, neither overbought or oversold, for the entire past 30 days.

For all top three cryptocurrencies, the MACD line crossed above MACD signal line between one to two weeks ago. This is known as a bullish crossover and can also be interpreted as a bullish signal.

Figure 3a. Price of Bitcoin (BTC) in USD at Bitstamp from May 25, 2019 to June 23, 2019.

Price of Bitcoin (BTC) in USD at Bitstamp from May 25, 2019 to June 23, 2019.

Figure 3b. Price of Ether (ETH) in USD at Bitstamp from May 25, 2019 to June 23, 2019.

Figure 3b. Price of Ether (ETH) in USD at Bitstamp from May 25, 2019 to June 23, 2019.

Figure 3c. Price of XRP (XRP) at Bitstamp in USD from May 25, 2019 to June 23, 2019.

Figure 3c. Price of XRP (XRP) at Bitstamp in USD from May 25, 2019 to June 23, 2019.

APPENDIX A: Cryptocurrencies

Below is a complete list of all cryptocurrencies examined in this market report. In addition, we present the mean daily returns, historical daily volatility, total returns, and ex-post Sharpe ratio for each cryptocurrency from May 25, 2019 to June 23, 2019. More positive Sharpe ratios are more desirable. The Sharpe ratio is calculated with the 10 year US Treasury bill rate as the annual risk-free rate.

Cryptocurrencies
Cryptocurrencies
Cryptocurrencies

APPENDIX B: Methodology

The daily price data of cryptocurrencies in USD at 4:00 PM EST from May 25, 2019 to June 23, 2019 was used for our calculations.

The prices are the volume weighted average price of the cryptocurrency in USD at 4:00 PM EST each day across all exchanges where Coinscious has data. The only exception is Siacoin (SC), where we used the Yahoo Finance price instead due to data quality issues at the time of writing.

Daily closing price data of the S&P 500 index was obtained from Yahoo Finance. The latest 10 year US Treasury bill rate from YCharts was used for calculations involving a risk-free rate.

In subsequent reports, we may update our universe, sectors, methodology, and analysis to reflect new developments.

APPENDIX C: Terminology

  • Volatility: A measure of the dispersion in the trading price of an instrument over a certain period of time, defined as the standard deviation of an instrument’s returns.
  • Sharpe ratio: A risk adjusted measure of return that describes the reward per unit of risk. The reward is the average excess returns of an investment against a benchmark or risk-free rate of return, and the risk is the standard deviation of the excess returns. A higher Sharpe ratio is better. Ex-ante Sharpe ratio is calculated with expected returns whereas ex-post Sharpe ratio is calculated with realized historical returns.

Disclaimer

The information contained herein is for informational purposes only and is not intended as a research report or investment advice. It should not be construed as Coinscious recommending investment in cryptocurrencies or other products or services, or as a solicitation to buy or sell any security or engage in a particular investment strategy. Investment in the crypto market entails substantial risk. Before acting on any information, you should consider whether it is suitable for your particular circumstances and consult all available material, and, if necessary, seek professional advice.

Coinscious and its partners, directors, shareholders and employees may have a position in entities referred to herein or may make purchases and/or sales from time to time, or they may act, or may have acted in the past, as an advisor to certain companies mentioned herein and may receive, or may have received, a remuneration for their services from those companies.

Neither Coinscious or its partners, directors, shareholders or employees shall be liable for any damage, expense or other loss that you may incur out of reliance on any information contained in this report. Bitcoin price.

REPORT SERVICE

Crypto Market Report - June 24, 2019

Market Report: an analysis of recent historical performances of the top 50 assets to identify current cryptocurrency market trends. Subscribe now

Exchange Report: an analysis of recent historical volumes and prices of 18 mainstream exchanges to identify better or fairer cryptocurrency platforms Subscribe now

Crypto Market Report - Bitcoin SV Stays On Top

Bitcoin SV Stays On Top – Total Return of 232% In Past Month

By | Coinscious Lab, Data Analytics, Market Report | No Comments
Crypto Market Report - Bitcoin SV Stays On Top

Overview Bitcoin SV

Released bi-weekly, this report aims to identify broad trends in the cryptocurrency market. In order to reflect the latest developments in this fast-paced and volatile market, the reports plan to focus on metrics derived from a 30-day rolling window of data, this time from May 11, 2019 to June 9, 2019.

Our universe of analysis includes 50 of some of the most widely used and traded cryptocurrencies. Please see Appendix A for the complete list.

Analysis

The performance of major cryptocurrencies over the past month was good, with 44 out of the 50 cryptocurrencies that we examined up from their values 30 days ago. Bitcoin (BTC), the largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization, is currently trading slightly about $7900 at the time of writing. Bitcoin SV

Outside of cryptocurrencies, the S&P 500 is down 0.28% from 30 days ago and closed last Friday at $2873.34.

Figure 1 presents the risk versus return trade-off over the past 30 days by plotting mean daily return versus historical daily volatility for various cryptocurrencies.

Figure 1. Plot of mean daily return against historical daily volatility for individual cryptocurrencies from May 11, 2019 to June 9, 2019. Higher returns at a given level of risk, measured through historical daily volatility, indicates a better investment.

Crypto Market Risk vs. Return - Bitcoin SV Stays On Top

The best performer overall over the past month was Bitcoin SV (BSV), with a total return of 232.00%. Bitcoin SV was created last November after a hard fork to Bitcoin Cash. It aims to restore the original Bitcoin protocol, closely following the concept as described in Satoshi Nakamoto’s white paper.

The second and third best performing cryptocurrencies were Monacoin (MONA) and Chainlink (LINK), with total returns of 160.57% and 67.83% respectively.

Basic Attention Token (BAT) was the worst performing cryptocurrency, with total losses of 7.66%. Basic Attention Token is a digital advertising token used to connect advertisers, content publishers, and content users. It is intended to monetize and reward user attention while also providing advertisers with better ROI.

The second and third worst performing cryptocurrencies were Reputation (REP) and Bytecoin (BCN) with total losses of 5.89%  and 1.28% respectively.

Figure 2a. Mean daily returns, historical daily volatility, total returns, and ex-post Sharpe ratio for each of the five cryptocurrencies with the highest total returns from May 11, 2019 to June 9, 2019. More positive Sharpe ratios are more desirable. The Sharpe ratio is calculated with the 10 year US Treasury bill rate as the annual risk-free rate.

Cryptocurrency Positive Return - Bitcoin SV

Figure 2b. Mean daily returns, historical daily volatility, total returns, and ex-post Sharpe ratio for each of the five cryptocurrencies with the lowest total returns from May 11, 2019 to June 9, 2019 More positive Sharpe ratios are more desirable. The Sharpe ratio is calculated with the 10 year US Treasury bill rate as the annual risk-free rate

Cryptocurrency Negative Return - 2019-06-10

Figure 3 plots daily candlesticks of the prices of BTC and ETH, the two largest cryptocurrencies by market capitalization. We also show BSV the top performer this past month. In addition, the following commonly used technical analysis indicators are shown:

– Simple moving averages (SMA) with periods of 50, 100, and 200 days
– Relative strength index (RSI) with a period of 14 days
– Moving average convergence divergence (MACD) with a fast EMA period of 12 days, slow EMA period of 26 days, and a signal period of 9 days

The 50-day simple moving averages for Bitcoin and Ethereum continue to stay above the 100-day moving averages, a continuation of a long-term bullish signal. In addition, the 50-day simple moving average for Bitcoin SV just crossed above the 100-day moving average in May. This is the start of a long-term bullish signal.

The RSI values of three cryptocurrencies crossed below the 70 overbought threshold from above at various times over the past month; a bearish signal that indicates that upwards momentum has ended. The RSI values are now in between 30 and 70, indicating that they are neither overbought or oversold.

For Bitcoin and Ethereum, the MACD line crossed below MACD signal line around the end of May, and in the case of Bitcoin SV, this just happened on June 8. This is known as a bearish crossover and can also be interpreted as a bearish signal.

Figure 3a. Price of Bitcoin (BTC) in USD at Bitstamp from May 11, 2019 to June 9, 2019.

Price of BTC at Bitstamp - 2019-06-10

Figure 3b. Price of Ether (ETH) in USD at Bitstamp from May 11, 2019 to June 9, 2019.

Price of ETH at Bitstamp - 2019-06-10

Figure 3c. Price of Bitcoin SV (BSV) at Binance in USD from May 11, 2019 to June 9, 2019. BSV

Price of Bitcoin SV at Binance - 2019-06-10

APPENDIX A: Cryptocurrencies

Below is a complete list of all cryptocurrencies examined in this market report. In addition, we present the mean daily returns, historical daily volatility, total returns, and ex-post Sharpe ratio for each cryptocurrency from May 11, 2019 to June 9, 2019. More positive Sharpe ratios are more desirable. The Sharpe ratio is calculated with the 10 year US Treasury bill rate as the annual risk-free rate.

Cryptocurrency List - Bitcoin SV
Cryptocurrency List - 2019-06-10
Cryptocurrency List - 2019-06-10

APPENDIX B: Methodology

The daily price data of cryptocurrencies in USD at 4:00 PM EST from May 11, 2019 to June 9, 2019 was used for our calculations.

The prices are the volume weighted average price of the cryptocurrency in USD at 4:00 PM EST each day across all exchanges where Coinscious has data. The only exception is Siacoin (SC), where we used the Yahoo Finance price instead due to data quality issues at the time of writing.

Daily closing price data of the S&P 500 index was obtained from Yahoo Finance. The latest 10 year US Treasury bill rate from YCharts was used for calculations involving a risk-free rate.In subsequent reports, we may update our universe, sectors, methodology, and analysis to reflect new developments.

APPENDIX C: Terminology

  • Volatility: A measure of the dispersion in the trading price of an instrument over a certain period of time, defined as the standard deviation of an instrument’s returns.
  • Sharpe ratio: A risk adjusted measure of return that describes the reward per unit of risk. The reward is the average excess returns of an investment against a benchmark or risk-free rate of return, and the risk is the standard deviation of the excess returns. A higher Sharpe ratio is better. Ex-ante Sharpe ratio is calculated with expected returns whereas ex-post Sharpe ratio is calculated with realized historical returns.

Disclaimer

The information contained herein is for informational purposes only and is not intended as a research report or investment advice. It should not be construed as Coinscious recommending investment in cryptocurrencies or other products or services, or as a solicitation to buy or sell any security or engage in a particular investment strategy. Investment in the crypto market entails substantial risk. Before acting on any information, you should consider whether it is suitable for your particular circumstances and consult all available material, and, if necessary, seek professional advice.

Coinscious and its partners, directors, shareholders and employees may have a position in entities referred to herein or may make purchases and/or sales from time to time, or they may act, or may have acted in the past, as an advisor to certain companies mentioned herein and may receive, or may have received, a remuneration for their services from those companies.

Neither Coinscious or its partners, directors, shareholders or employees shall be liable for any damage, expense or other loss that you may incur out of reliance on any information contained in this report. Bitcoin price.

New 2019 High For BTC, But LINK Is the Bigger Winner

By | Coinscious Lab, Data Analytics, Market Report | No Comments

Overview

Released bi-weekly, this report aims to identify broad trends in the cryptocurrency market. In order to reflect the latest developments in this fast-paced and volatile market, the reports plan to focus on metrics derived from a 30-day rolling window of data, this time from April 27, 2019 to May 26, 2019. LINK

Our universe of analysis includes 50 of some of the most widely used and traded cryptocurrencies. Please see Appendix A for the complete list. LINK

Analysis

The performance of major cryptocurrencies over the past month was good, with only 44 out of the 50 cryptocurrencies that we examined up from their values 30 days ago. Bitcoin (BTC), the largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization, is on the rise and is currently trading slightly above $8700 at the time of writing.

Outside of cryptocurrencies, the S&P 500 is down 3.97% from 30 days ago and closed last Friday at $2826.06.

Figure 1 presents the risk versus return trade-off over the past 30 days by plotting mean daily return versus historical daily volatility for various cryptocurrencies.

Figure 1. Plot of mean daily return against historical daily volatility for individual cryptocurrencies from April 27, 2019 to May 26, 2019. Higher returns at a given level of risk, measured through historical daily volatility, indicates a better investment.

LINK - Cryptocurrency Risk Return

The best performer overall over the past month was Chainlink (LINK), with a total return of 158.14%. Chainlink aims to be a reliable decentralized data oracle that provides data inputs for smart contracts.

The second and third best performing cryptocurrencies were Bitcoin SV (BSV) and Ether (ETH), with total returns of 73.03% and 59.78% respectively.

Reputation (REP) was the worst performing cryptocurrency, with total losses of 8.69%. Augur is a decentralized oracle and peer-to-peer protocol for prediction markets. Reputation is the cryptocurrency used by reporters during market dispute phases of Augur.

The second and third worst performing cryptocurrencies were Basic Attention Token (BAT) and USD Coin (USDC) with total losses of 7.29% and 4.40% respectively.

Figure 2a. Mean daily returns, historical daily volatility, total returns, and ex-post Sharpe ratio for each of the five cryptocurrencies with the highest total returns from April 27, 2019 to May 26, 2019. More positive Sharpe ratios are more desirable. The Sharpe ratio is calculated with the 10 year US Treasury bill rate as the annual risk-free rate. LINK

Figure 2b. Mean daily returns, historical daily volatility, total returns, and ex-post Sharpe ratio for each of the five cryptocurrencies with the lowest total returns from April 27, 2019 to May 26, 2019. More positive Sharpe ratios are more desirable. The Sharpe ratio is calculated with the 10 year US Treasury bill rate as the annual risk-free rate

Figure 3 plots daily candlesticks of the prices of Bitcoin ( BTC ) and Ether ( ETH ), the two largest cryptocurrencies by market capitalization. We also present the daily candlesticks of the price of Chainlink ( LINK ), the best performer of the past month. In addition, the following commonly used technical analysis indicators are shown:

  • Simple moving averages (SMA) with periods of 50, 100, and 200 days
  • Relative strength index (RSI) with a period of 14 days
  • Moving average convergence divergence (MACD) with a fast EMA period of 12 days, slow EMA period of 26 days, and a signal period of 9 days

The indicators for all three cryptocurrencies share many common features.

First, the 50-day simple moving average continues to stay above the 100-day moving average, a continuation of a long-term bullish signal.

The RSI values of all three cryptocurrencies crossed below the 70 overbought threshold from above; a bearish signal that potentially indicates the end of upwards momentum.

Furthermore, for all three cryptocurrencies, the MACD line is about to cross, or has just crossed below MACD signal line approximately a week ago. This is known as a bearish crossover and can also be interpreted as a bearish signal.

Figure 3a. Price of Bitcoin (BTC) in USD at Bitstamp from April 27, 2019 to May 26, 2019.

Figure 3b. Price of Ether (ETH) in USD at Bitstamp from April 27, 2019 to May 26, 2019.

Figure 3c. Price of ChainLink ( LINK ) in USDT at Binance from April 27, 2019 to May 26, 2019. LINK

Binance LINK USDT

APPENDIX A: Cryptocurrencies

Below is a complete list of all cryptocurrencies examined in this market report. In addition, we present the mean daily returns, historical daily volatility, total returns, and ex-post Sharpe ratio for each cryptocurrency from April 27, 2019 to May 26, 2019. More positive Sharpe ratios are more desirable. The Sharpe ratio is calculated with the 10 year US Treasury bill rate as the annual risk-free rate.

APPENDIX B: Methodology

The daily price data of cryptocurrencies in USD at 4:00 PM EST from April 27, 2019 to May 26, 2019 was used for our calculations.

The prices are the volume weighted average price of the cryptocurrency in USD at 4:00 PM EST each day across all exchanges where Coinscious has data. The only exception is Siacoin (SC), where we used the Yahoo Finance price instead due to data quality issues at the time of writing.

Daily closing price data of the S&P 500 index was obtained from Yahoo Finance. The latest 10 year US Treasury bill rate from YCharts was used for calculations involving a risk-free rate.

In subsequent reports, we may update our universe, sectors, methodology, and analysis to reflect new developments.

APPENDIX C: Terminology

  • Volatility: A measure of the dispersion in the trading price of an instrument over a certain period of time, defined as the standard deviation of an instrument’s returns.
  • Sharpe ratio: A risk adjusted measure of return that describes the reward per unit of risk. The reward is the average excess returns of an investment against a benchmark or risk-free rate of return, and the risk is the standard deviation of the excess returns. A higher Sharpe ratio is better. Ex-ante Sharpe ratio is calculated with expected returns whereas ex-post Sharpe ratio is calculated with realized historical returns.

Disclaimer

The information contained herein is for informational purposes only and is not intended as a research report or investment advice. It should not be construed as Coinscious recommending investment in cryptocurrencies or other products or services, or as a solicitation to buy or sell any security or engage in a particular investment strategy. Investment in the crypto market entails substantial risk. Before acting on any information, you should consider whether it is suitable for your particular circumstances and consult all available material, and, if necessary, seek professional advice.

Coinscious and its partners, directors, shareholders and employees may have a position in entities referred to herein or may make purchases and/or sales from time to time, or they may act, or may have acted in the past, as an advisor to certain companies mentioned herein and may receive, or may have received, a remuneration for their services from those companies.

Neither Coinscious or its partners, directors, shareholders or employees shall be liable for any damage, expense or other loss that you may incur out of reliance on any information contained in this report. Bitcoin price.

Bitcoin Price Jumps Past $7,600

By | Coinscious Lab, Data Analytics, Market Report | No Comments
Biggest
30d % Gain

Bitcoin (BTC) 
+39.46%

Biggest
30d % Loss

Zilliqa (ZIL) 
-18.01%

Overview

Released bi-weekly, this report aims to identify broad trends in the cryptocurrency market. In order to reflect the latest developments in this fast-paced and volatile market, the reports plan to focus on metrics derived from a 30-day rolling window of data, this time from April 13, 2019 to May 12, 2019.

Our universe of analysis includes 50 of some of the most widely used and traded cryptocurrencies. Please see Appendix A for the complete list.

Analysis

The performance of major cryptocurrencies over the past month was overall not very good, with only 18 out of the 50 cryptocurrencies that we examined up from their values 30 days ago. Bitcoin (BTC), the largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization, was the best performer over the past month and bitcoin price is $7600 at the time of writing.

Outside of cryptocurrencies, the S&P 500 is down 0.83% from 30 days ago and closed last Friday at $2881.40.

Figure 1 presents the risk versus return trade-off over the past 30 days by plotting mean daily return versus historical daily volatility for various cryptocurrencies.

Figure 1. Plot of mean daily return against historical daily volatility for individual cryptocurrencies from April 13, 2019 to May 12, 2019. Higher returns at a given level of risk, measured through historical daily volatility, indicates a better investment. Volatility, on the x-axis, is presented in log scale.

The best performer overall over the past month was Bitcoin (BTC), with a total return of 39.46%.

The second and third best performing cryptocurrencies were Bitcoin Gold (BTG) and Link (LINK), with total returns of 36.42% and 35.55% respectively.

Zilliqa (ZIL) was the worst performing cryptocurrency, with total losses of 18.01%. Zilliqa is a public blockchain platform designed to handle high transaction rates that scale linearly with network size.

The second and third worst performing cryptocurrencies were Siacoin (SC) and Aeternity (AE) with total losses of 17.26% and 14.29% respectively.

Figure 2a. Mean daily returns, historical daily volatility, total returns, and ex-post Sharpe ratio for each cryptocurrencies with the highest total returns from April 13, 2019 to May 12, 2019. More positive Sharpe ratios are more desirable. The Sharpe ratio is calculated with the 10 year US Treasury bill rate as the annual risk-free rate.

Figure 2b. Mean daily returns, historical daily volatility, total returns, and ex-post Sharpe ratio for cryptocurrencies with the lowest total returns from April 13, 2019 to May 12, 2019. More positive Sharpe ratios are more desirable. The Sharpe ratio is calculated with the 10 year US Treasury bill rate as the annual risk-free rate.

Figure 3 plots daily candlesticks of the Bitcoin price and Ether price, the two largest cryptocurrencies by market capitalization. In addition, the following commonly used technical analysis indicators are shown:

  • Simple moving averages (SMA) with periods of 50, 100, and 200 days
  • Relative strength index (RSI) with a period of 14 days
  • Moving average convergence divergence (MACD) with a fast EMA period of 12 days, slow EMA period of 26 days, and a signal period of 9 days

The indicators for all three cryptocurrencies share many common features.

First, the 50-day simple moving average continues to stay above the 100-day moving average, a continuation of a long-term bullish signal.

Furthermore, for all three cryptocurrencies, the MACD line has crossed below the MACD signal line approximately a week ago. This is known as a bullish crossover and could be interpreted as a bullish signal.

The RSI values of all Ether and XRP are neither oversold or overbought, although both are trending upward and the value for Ether is almost crossing the 70 overbought threshold. Bitcoin’s RSI value is above 70 and indicates that it is overbought. Prices are typically expected to dip after being overbought, but momentum oscillators can also become remain overbought before actually reaching a peak during a strong trend.

Figure 3a. Bitcoin price (BTC) in USD at Bitstamp from April 13, 2019 to May 12, 2019.

Figure 3b. Price of Ether (ETH) in USD at Bitstamp from April 13, 2019 to May 12, 2019.

Figure 3c. Price of XRP (XRP) in USD at Bitstamp from April 13, 2019 to May 12, 2019.

APPENDIX A: Cryptocurrencies

Below is a complete list of all cryptocurrencies examined in this market report. In addition, we present the mean daily returns, historical daily volatility, total returns, and ex-post Sharpe ratio for each cryptocurrency from April 13, 2019 to May 12, 2019. More positive Sharpe ratios are more desirable. The Sharpe ratio is calculated with the 10 year US Treasury bill rate as the annual risk-free rate. Bitcoin price

APPENDIX B: Methodology

The daily price data of cryptocurrencies in USD at 4:00 PM EST from April 13, 2019 to May 12, 2019 was used for our calculations.

The prices are the volume weighted average price of the cryptocurrency in USD at 4:00 PM EST each day across all exchanges where Coinscious has data. The only exception is Siacoin (SC), where we used the Yahoo Finance price instead due to data quality issues at the time of writing.

Daily closing price data of the S&P 500 index was obtained from Yahoo Finance. The latest 10 year US Treasury bill rate from YCharts was used for calculations involving a risk-free rate.In subsequent reports, we may update our universe, sectors, methodology, and analysis to reflect new developments.

APPENDIX C: Terminology

  • Volatility: A measure of the dispersion in the trading price of an instrument over a certain period of time, defined as the standard deviation of an instrument’s returns.
  • Drawdown: A measure of the decline of the trading price of an instrument or investment since the previous peak during a certain period of time. Less negative, less frequent, and shorter drawdowns are more desirable.
  • Maximum drawdown: The maximum peak to trough decline of the trading price of an instrument or investment over a certain period of time. Less negative maximum drawdowns are more desirable.
  • Sharpe ratio: A risk adjusted measure of return that describes the reward per unit of risk. The reward is the average excess returns of an investment against a benchmark or risk-free rate of return, and the risk is the standard deviation of the excess returns. A higher Sharpe ratio is better. Ex-ante Sharpe ratio is calculated with expected returns whereas ex-post Sharpe ratio is calculated with realized historical returns.
  • Correlation: A measure of the linear relationship between two series of random variables, which in the context of finance, can be two series of returns. Correlation ranges between -1 and 1. Correlation close to 1 indicates a more positive relationship between the pair of cryptocurrency returns and correlation close to -1 indicates a more negative linear relationship. Correlation close to 0 indicates no linear relationship.

Disclaimer

The information contained herein is for informational purposes only and is not intended as a research report or investment advice. It should not be construed as Coinscious recommending investment in cryptocurrencies or other products or services, or as a solicitation to buy or sell any security or engage in a particular investment strategy. Investment in the crypto market entails substantial risk. Before acting on any information, you should consider whether it is suitable for your particular circumstances and consult all available material, and, if necessary, seek professional advice.

Coinscious and its partners, directors, shareholders and employees may have a position in entities referred to herein or may make purchases and/or sales from time to time, or they may act, or may have acted in the past, as an advisor to certain companies mentioned herein and may receive, or may have received, a remuneration for their services from those companies.

Neither Coinscious or its partners, directors, shareholders or employees shall be liable for any damage, expense or other loss that you may incur out of reliance on any information contained in this report. Bitcoin price.

Investigating Crypto Exchange Price & Volume Patterns

By | Coinscious Lab, Data Analytics, Exchange Report | No Comments

Overview

Released monthly, this report aims to analyze and characterize cryptocurrency exchanges according to their volume for the past month, this time from February 16, 2019 to March 16, 2019.

Our universe of analysis uses public exchange data from 18 of some of the most popular exchanges1 (see Figure 1). Through analysis of the recent historical volume and price of individual exchanges we provide a framework for analysis where investors can identify better or fairer exchanges.

Using daily volume data from some of the most widely used cryptocurrency exchanges, we were able to cluster exchanges into three groups based on similarity in volume trends. Some of our findings include the following:

  • OKEx and HitBTC go against the market both in terms of volume correlation and price-volume correlation.
  • Although OKEx has reported the biggest traded volume between February 16, 2019 to March 16, 2019, PCA analysis separates it from the other top exchanges (i.e. Binance and HuobiPro), and shows a low correlation with the market in terms of traded volume.

Performance

Figure 1. Total monthly volume, mean daily volume, max daily volume, mean hourly volume and max hourly volume for each exchange from February 16, 2019 to March 16, 2019 in USD. Monitor exchange performance daily through our Market & Trading Strategy Dashboard: dashboard.coinscious.io

According to the public exchange data, OKEx has reported the biggest mean daily and hourly volume for the past month.

In the past month, OKEx took first place with a total of $28 billion traded between February 16 to March 16, compared to $25 billion for ZB (2nd) and $20 billion for Binance (3rd) (see Figure 1).

We chose ETH/BTC trading pair to analyze exchange volumes in more depth. ZB traded volume for ETH/BTC was the highest overall, following the trend described in our previous Exchange Report. However, OKEx took first place on March 5 when its volume changed from $78 million to $107 million in a single day. It remained at the top spot until March 12, when its volume dropped back down to $39 million; ZB retook first place. Interestingly, according to BeinCrypto, on March 5 ethereum’s price began to increase rapidly from $130 throughout the earlier part of the day, and reached a daily highly of $143.83 on March 6 [1].

Figure 2. ETH/BTC pair daily volume for each exchange from February 16, 2019 to March 16, 2019 in USD.

Observations

The cryptocurrency market was on an uptrend starting from the morning of Wednesday, April 3, 2019 – the price of BTC went up from $4,000 to $4,800. In fact, because of the BTC pump, we observed that there were huge volume changes for all exchanges except Fcoin; their volume changes remained low.

Figure 3a. Top 10 crypto exchange volume changes on April 3, 2019.

As you can see in Figure 3a, the top 10 exchanges have 1-day volume changes ranging between 73.35% to 315.18%. However, Fcoin is the only exchange with a much lower volume change of 9.25%.

Three days later, on the morning of Saturday, April 6, 2019, the market started to slow down and became tranquil. Again, we can observe this from 1-day volume changes in Figure 3b, where most of the exchanges’ volume changes decreased to around 22-60%. Nevertheless, Fcoin and HitBTC volume changes were up by 18% and 19% respectively.

Figure 3b. Top 10 crypto exchange volume changes on April 6, 2019.  

These strong indications reveal that Fcoin (and possibly HitBTC) is likely faking its volume. The next section delves into a deeper analysis and looks at which specific exchanges violate volume trends in comparison to all exchanges overall.

Analysis

In order to categorize exchanges and investigate their trends during the past month, we performed a dimensionality reduction analysis using PCA2 for ETH/BTC pair daily volume. By plotting crypto exchanges according to their first two principal components, we identified a cluster and some outliers (see Figures 3a and 3b). The two first principal components explain more than 80% of the variance in our data set and the relative position along the x- and y-axes indicate similarities between exchanges in terms of traded volume. Thus, exchanges clustered together present similar volume trends, while outliers, namely Okex, HuobiPro, Binance, Fcoin, HitBTC, and ZB, show trends that diverge from the market mean.

If we zoom in on the market mean, we can identify subgroups of exchanges that are closely related inside the market mean (Figure 3b).

Figure 3a. PCA Volume analysis for ETH/BTC. The biplot, where the two main principal components are used to represent the exchanges allows us to identify clusters or groups of exchanges that might be correlated according to volume.

Figure 3b. PCA Volume analysis excluding outliers in the first analysis.

To understand the meaning of the two principal components and characterize the outliers, we decided to look at correlation between exchanges. We used volume for the ETH/BTC pair to identify a general trend in the market and determine whether exchanges follow or are against the trend (see Figure 5). Although most exchanges show a similar trend (that is, they follow a similar daily volume trend), OKEx, Bitflyer, BigOne and HitBTC show a daily volume trend that goes against the market. Interestingly, ZB and Zaif follow the mean market trend this time. Also note that compared to the PCA biplot using daily volume data from January 16 to February 16, OKEx and ZB have swapped positions (see Figure 3 from the previous Exchange Report)

Figure 5a. Top 5 negative volume correlations

Figure 5b. Top 5 positive volume correlations

Figure 6. Daily volume correlations between exchanges from February 16, 2019 to March 16, 2019 for ETH/BTC. Correlation ranges between -1 and 1. Correlation close to 1 indicates a more positive relationship between the pair of cryptocurrency returns and correlation close to -1 indicates a more negative linear relationship. Correlation close to 0 indicates no linear relationship.

OKEx, in particular, shows negative correlations with all exchanges except for HitBTC and HuobiPro. This suggests that OKEx, Bitflyer, HitBTC and BigONE are acting against the market.

Again, Upbit and Bittrex show the highest correlation for all exchange pairs, suggesting that they share the same order book [2]. This was also noted in our previous Exchange Report.

To explore what other factors could contribute to the clustering in different groups after Volume PCA, we calculated the correlation between ETH/BTC price and volume for every exchange pair (see Figure 6).

Figure 7. Daily price-volume correlations between exchanges from February 16, 2019 to March 16, 2019 for ETH/BTC. Correlation ranges between -1 and 1. Correlation close to 1 indicates a more positive relationship between the pair of cryptocurrency returns and correlation close to -1 indicates a more negative linear relationship. Correlation close to 0 indicates no linear relationship.

OKEx and HitBTC stand out as exchanges with the highest negative correlation between ETC/BTC price and volume for all exchanges. This shows that not only their volume, but also their ETH prices go against the market. While most exchanges show a positive trend (higher volumes associated with higher prices), OKEx, HitBTC, HuobiPro and BigOne show a negative trend (higher volumes associated with lower prices, and vice versa).

Summary

Using daily volume data from 18 of some of the most widely used cryptocurrency exchanges and principal component analysis, we identified three clusters of exchanges sharing similar volume trends. We mainly looked at volume correlations and price-volume correlations. Our findings include:

  • Okex and HitBTC go against the market both in terms of volume correlation and price-volume correlation.
  • Although Okex has reported the biggest traded volume in the past month, PCA analysis separates it from the other top exchanges (i.e. Binance and HuobiPro) and shows a low correlation with the market in terms of traded volume.

Here, these findings are simple observations of possibly correlated variables. We share this from the point-of-view of something to look out for. Overall, our exchange analysis has proven useful to study patterns of volume and price activity in the market and identify potential manipulation, that could be confirmed using blockchain data.

Footnotes

1 The scope of this report does not cover futures contracts.

2 PCA is a technique that finds underlying variables that best differentiates your data points. In this article, we visualize and analyze along the two dimensions which the data points varies the most (see Appendix B).

APPENDIX A: Methodology

The daily volume of cryptocurrencies in USD at 4:00 PM EST from February 16, 2019 to March 16, 2019 was used for our volume ranking. Daily volume and price for the pair ethereum_bitcoin was used for the same time period for the PCA analysis and correlation analysis. Price and volume were normalized such that its distribution had mean value 0 and standard deviation of 1 in order to perform principal component analysis and calculate price-volume correlations. In subsequent reports, we may update our universe, sectors, methodology, and analysis to reflect new developments.

APPENDIX B: Terminology

  • Correlation: A measure of the linear relationship between two series of random variables, which in the context of finance, can be two series of returns. Correlation ranges between -1 and 1. Correlation close to 1 indicates a more positive relationship between the pair of cryptocurrency returns and correlation close to -1 indicates a more negative linear relationship. Correlation close to 0 indicates no linear relationship.
  • PCA: A statistical procedure that uses an orthogonal transformation to convert a set of observations of possibly correlated variables into a set of values of linearly uncorrelated variables called principal components, in order to maximize the explained variance.

References

[1] T. (2018, December 11). Binance Losses Top Cryptocurrency Exchange Position to OKEX and ZB.Com. Retrieved from https://coingape.com/

[2] Lavere, M. (2019, February 13). Ethereum (ETH) Mining Reward Hits Lowest Ever.  Retrieved from https://ethereumworldnews.com/

[3] Bitking74. (2017, October 24). UPbit and Bittrex are sharing the same order book. This is a win win for both sides: bring some Korean liquidity to Bittrex, also the Korean users start with nicely filled order books from Bittrex. Go NEO. Neotrader [Online forum]. Retrieved from https://www.reddit.com/r/Neotrader/comments/78fztu/upbit_and_bittrex_are_sharing_the_same_order_book/

[4] J. (2018, September 18). Chinese Investor Loses 700,000 Yuan Due To Fcoin Crypto Manipulation. Retrieved from https://www.coindaily.co/

[5] Sillers, A. (2018, September 12). The evidence of OKex’s fraudulent behavior, which may point to HitBTC as well. Retrieved from https://www.chepicap.com/

Disclaimer

The information contained herein is for informational purposes only and is not intended as a research report or investment advice. It should not be construed as Coinscious recommending investment in cryptocurrencies or other products or services, or as a solicitation to buy or sell any security or engage in a particular investment strategy. Investment in the crypto market entails substantial risk. Before acting on any information, you should consider whether it is suitable for your particular circumstances and consult all available material, and, if necessary, seek professional advice.

Coinscious and its partners, directors, shareholders and employees may have a position in entities referred to herein or may make purchases and/or sales from time to time, or they may act, or may have acted in the past, as an advisor to certain companies mentioned herein and may receive, or may have received, a remuneration for their services from those companies.

Neither Coinscious or its partners, directors, shareholders or employees shall be liable for any damage, expense or other loss that you may incur out of reliance on any information contained in this report.

BTC Surges In Last 2 Weeks To $5,105; Now Holding At $5,000

By | Coinscious Lab, Data Analytics, Market Report | No Comments
Biggest
30d % Gain

Tezos (XTZ) 
+110.60%

Biggest
30d % Loss

Nano (NANO) 
-53.49%

Overview

Released bi-weekly, this report aims to identify broad trends in the cryptocurrency market. In order to reflect the latest developments in this fast-paced and volatile market, the reports plan to focus on metrics derived from a 30-day rolling window of data, this time from March 16, 2019 to April 14, 2019.

Our universe of analysis includes 50 of some of the most widely used and traded cryptocurrencies. Please see Appendix A for the complete list.

Analysis

The performance of major cryptocurrencies over the past month has been good, with 41 out of the 50 cryptocurrencies that we examined up from their values 30 days ago. Bitcoin (BTC), the largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization, finally breaks above the $4,200 overhead resistance level on April 1; BTC surges to $5105. Various other cryptocurrencies, including second and third largest cryptocurrencies ether (ETH) and XRP (XRP) also experienced large upwards movements on the same day.

Outside of cryptocurrencies, the S&P 500 is up 3.01% from 30 days ago and closed last Friday at $2907.41.

Figure 1 presents the risk versus return trade-off over the past 30 days by plotting mean daily return versus historical daily volatility for various cryptocurrencies

Figure 1. Plot of mean daily return against historical daily volatility for individual cryptocurrencies from March 16, 2019 to April 14, 2019 Higher returns at a given level of risk, measured through historical daily volatility, indicates a better investment.

The best performer overall over the past month was Tezos (XTZ), with a total return of 110.60%. Tezos is a self-amending proof-of-work dApp platform that removes the need to hard fork when implementing protocol amendments.

The second and third best performing cryptocurrencies were Bitcoin Cash (BCH) and IOST (IOST), with total returns of 80.40% and 71.34% respectively.

Nano (NANO) was the worst performing cryptocurrency, with total losses of 53.49%. Nano is a low-latency payment platform designed for peer-to-peer transactions. The second and third worst performing cryptocurrencies were Maker (MKR) and Steem (STEEM) with total losses of 11.49% and 11.42% respectively.

Figure 2a. Mean daily returns, historical daily volatility, total returns, and ex-post Sharpe ratio for each cryptocurrencies with the highest total returns from March 16, 2019 to April 18, 2019. More positive Sharpe ratios are more desirable. The Sharpe ratio is calculated with the 10 year US Treasury bill rate as the annual risk-free rate.

Figure 2b. Mean daily returns, historical daily volatility, total returns, and ex-post Sharpe ratio for cryptocurrencies with the lowest total returns from March 16, 2019 to April 18, 2019. More positive Sharpe ratios are more desirable. The Sharpe ratio is calculated with the 10 year US Treasury bill rate as the annual risk-free rate

Figure 3 plots daily candlesticks of the prices of Bitcoin ( BTC ) and Ether (ETH), the two largest cryptocurrencies by market capitalization, as well as the top performer of the past month, Tezos (XTZ). In addition, the following commonly used technical analysis indicators are shown:

  • Simple moving averages (SMA) with periods of 50, 100, and 200 days
  • Relative strength index (RSI) with a period of 14 days
  • Moving average convergence divergence (MACD) with a fast EMA period of 12 days, slow EMA period of 26 days, and a signal period of 9 days

Figure 3a. Price of Bitcoin (BTC) in USD at Bitstamp from March 16, 2019 to April 14, 2019.

Figure 3b. Price of Ether (ETH) in USD at Bitstamp from March 16, 2019 to April 14, 2019.

Figure 3c. Price of Tezos (XTZ) in USD at Bitfinex from March 16, 2019 to April 14, 2019.

APPENDIX A: Cryptocurrencies

Below is a complete list of all cryptocurrencies examined in this market report. In addition, we present the mean daily returns, historical daily volatility, total returns, and ex-post Sharpe ratio for each cryptocurrency from March 16, 2019 to April 18, 2019. More positive Sharpe ratios are more desirable. The Sharpe ratio is calculated with the 10 year US Treasury bill rate as the annual risk-free rate.

APPENDIX B: Methodology

The daily price data of cryptocurrencies in USD at 4:00 PM EST from March 16, 2019 to April 14, 2019 was used for our calculations.

The prices are the volume weighted average price of the cryptocurrency in USD at 4:00 PM EST each day across all exchanges where Coinscious has data. The only exception is Siacoin (SC), where we used the Yahoo Finance price instead due to data quality issues at the time of writing.

Daily closing price data of the S&P 500 index was obtained from from Yahoo Finance. The latest 10 year US Treasury bill rate from YCharts was used for calculations involving a risk-free rate.

In subsequent reports, we may update our universe, sectors, methodology, and analysis to reflect new developments.

APPENDIX C: Terminology

  • Volatility: A measure of the dispersion in the trading price of an instrument over a certain period of time, defined as the standard deviation of an instrument’s returns.
  • Drawdown: A measure of the decline of the trading price of an instrument or investment since the previous peak during a certain period of time. Less negative, less frequent, and shorter drawdowns are more desirable.
  • Maximum drawdown: The maximum peak to trough decline of the trading price of an instrument or investment over a certain period of time. Less negative maximum drawdowns are more desirable.
  • Sharpe ratio: A risk adjusted measure of return that describes the reward per unit of risk. The reward is the average excess returns of an investment against a benchmark or risk-free rate of return, and the risk is the standard deviation of the excess returns. A higher Sharpe ratio is better. Ex-ante Sharpe ratio is calculated with expected returns whereas ex-post Sharpe ratio is calculated with realized historical returns.
  • Correlation: A measure of the linear relationship between two series of random variables, which in the context of finance, can be two series of returns. Correlation ranges between -1 and 1. Correlation close to 1 indicates a more positive relationship between the pair of cryptocurrency returns and correlation close to -1 indicates a more negative linear relationship. Correlation close to 0 indicates no linear relationship.

Disclaimer

The information contained herein is for informational purposes only and is not intended as a research report or investment advice. It should not be construed as Coinscious recommending investment in cryptocurrencies or other products or services, or as a solicitation to buy or sell any security or engage in a particular investment strategy. Investment in the crypto market entails substantial risk. Before acting on any information, you should consider whether it is suitable for your particular circumstances and consult all available material, and, if necessary, seek professional advice.

Coinscious and its partners, directors, shareholders and employees may have a position in entities referred to herein or may make purchases and/or sales from time to time, or they may act, or may have acted in the past, as an advisor to certain companies mentioned herein and may receive, or may have received, a remuneration for their services from those companies.

Neither Coinscious or its partners, directors, shareholders or employees shall be liable for any damage, expense or other loss that you may incur out of reliance on any information contained in this report.

Investigating Disruptive Patterns of Crypto Exchanges

By | Coinscious Lab, Data Analytics, Exchange Report | No Comments

Overview

Released monthly, this report aims to analyze and characterize cryptocurrency exchanges according to their volume for the past month, this time from January 16, 2019 to February 16, 2019.

Our universe of analysis uses public exchange data from 18 of some of the most popular exchanges1 (see Figure 1). Through analysis of the recent historical volume and price of individual exchanges we provide a framework for analysis where investors can identify better or fairer exchanges.

Using daily volume data from some of the most widely used cryptocurrency exchanges, we were able to cluster exchanges into three groups based on similarity in volume trends. Some of our findings include the following:

  • Fcoin and HitBTC go against the market both in terms of volume correlation and price-volume correlation.
  • Not only does volume and price seem to go against the market, but returns and volume are positively correlated only for Fcoin and HitBTC, while returns and volume are negatively correlated for the rest of exchanges.
  • Although ZB has reported the biggest traded volume in the past month, ZB volume trend patterns were different from the other top exchanges (Binance, HuobiPro, and OKEx). Generally, it showed a low correlation with the market in terms of traded volume.
  • It is also interesting to note that our analysis (Figure 4b. Top 5 positive correlations) accidentally reveals a shared order book between Upbit and Bittrex.

Performance

Figure 1. Total monthly volume, mean daily volume, max daily volume, mean hourly volume and max hourly volume for each exchange from January 16, 2019 to February 16, 2019 in USD. Monitor exchange performance daily through our Market & Trading Strategy Dashboard: dashboard.coinscious.io

According to the public exchange data, ZB has reported the biggest mean daily and hourly volume for the past month. Binance reportedly lost the crown as the king of cryptocurrency by trade volume on December 11, 2018 to be replaced by OKEx, who held the 1st place at that time, while ZB held 2nd [1].

In the past month, ZB has taken the first spot, with a total of 16 billion dollar traded between January 16th to February 16th, compared to 14 billion USD for OKEx (2nd) and Binance (3rd) (see Figure 1).

We then chose ETH/BTC pair to look at the volume more closely and analyze it in more depth. ZB traded volume for ETH/BTC is low during the whole period, with Binance, HuobiPro and OKEx as top exchanges. However, there was a rapid surge on February 11th, when volume changed from $500,000 USD to $67 million USD in one day, and it has remained high since then (see Figure 2). That same day,  according to Etherscan, daily mining rewards for Ethereum fell to their lowest recorded levels [2].

Figure 2. ETH/BTC pair daily volume for each exchange from January 16, 2019 to February 16, 2019 in USD.

Analysis

In order to categorize exchanges and investigate their trends during the past month, we performed a dimensionality reduction analysis using PCA2 for ETH/BTC pair daily volume. By plotting crypto exchanges according to their first two principal components, we could identify a cluster and some outliers (see Figure 3). The two first principal components explain more than 80% of the variance in our data set and the relative position along the x and y axis indicates similarity between exchanges in terms of traded volume. Thus, exchanges clustered together present similar volume trends, while outliers, namely Okex, HuobiPro, Binance, Fcoin, HitBTC, and ZB, show trends that diverge from the market mean.

Figure 3. PCA Volume analysis for ETH/BTC. The biplot, where the two main principal components are used to represent the exchanges allows us to identify clusters or groups of exchanges that might be correlated according to volume.

To understand the meaning of the two principal components and characterize the outliers, we decided to look at correlation between exchanges using volume for the ETH/BTC pair, to identify a general trend in the market and whether exchanges follow or are against the trend (see Figure 5). Although most exchanges show a similar trends (this is, they follow a similar daily volume trend), Bitflyer, ZB, Zaif, Fcoin, and HitBTC show a daily volume trend that goes against the market.

Figure 4a. Top 5 negative volume correlations

Figure 4b. Top 5 positive volume correlations

Figure 5. Daily volume correlations between exchanges from January 16, 2019 to February 16, 2019 for ETH/BTC. Correlation ranges between -1 and 1. Correlation close to 1 indicates a more positive relationship between the pair of cryptocurrency returns and correlation close to -1 indicates a more negative linear relationship. Correlation close to 0 indicates no linear relationship.

Fcoin in particular shows negative correlations with all exchanges except for HitBTC. This suggests that Bitflyer, ZB, Zaif, Fcoin, and HitBTC are acting against the market. Moreover, it’s interesting to see that Bitflyer, ZB, Zaif, Fcoin, and HitBTC are all based in Asian countries.

On the other hand, Upbit and Bittrex show the highest correlation for all exchange pairs. This similarity in volume is in line with reports suggesting that they share the same order book, although further analysis of blockchain data will be needed to confirm these claims [3].  

To explore what other factors could contribute to the clustering in different groups after Volume PCA, we calculated the correlation between ETH/BTC price and volume for every exchange pair (see Figure 6).

Figure 6. Daily price-volume correlations between exchanges from January 16, 2019 to February 16, 2019 for ETH/BTC. Correlation ranges between -1 and 1. Correlation close to 1 indicates a more positive relationship between the pair of cryptocurrency returns and correlation close to -1 indicates a more negative linear relationship. Correlation close to 0 indicates no linear relationship.

Again, Fcoin stands out as the exchange with a highest negative correlation between ETC/BTC price and volume for all exchanges showing that, not only the volume, but ETH price is also against the market3. While most exchanges show a positive trend, with high volumes associated to higher prices, Fcoin shows a negative trend, where higher volumes during the analyzed period are associated with lower prices and vice versa.

This raised suspicions that Fcoin might be manipulating price and volume, especially for the pair that we have analyzed (ETH/BTC). Fcoin has been accused of manipulation in the past. In September, a Chinese investor filed a complaint against the exchange, which presumably induced sudden drops in price through manipulation after investing huge amounts in Fcoin token [4].

Finally, if we look at the correlation between returns (instead of price) and volume for ETH/BTC (Figure 7), HitBTC and Fcoin are again the exchanges going against the general trend. High returns in HitBTC and Fcoin are associated with an increase in volume, while high returns elicit a decrease in volume for the rest of exchanges (negative correlation between returns and volume). Interestingly, HitBTC has also been accused of volume manipulation [5].

Figure 7. Daily returns-volume correlations between exchanges from January 16, 2019 to February 16, 2019 for ETH/BTC. Correlation ranges between -1 and 1. Correlation close to 1 indicates a more positive relationship between the pair of cryptocurrency returns and correlation close to -1 indicates a more negative linear relationship. Correlation close to 0 indicates no linear relationship.

Summary

Using daily volume data from 18 of some of the most widely used cryptocurrency exchanges and principal component analysis, we identified three clusters of exchanges sharing similar volume trends. We mainly looked at volume correlations and price-volume correlations. Our findings include:

  • Fcoin and HitBTC go against the market both in terms of volume correlation and price-volume correlation.
  • Not only volume and price seem to go against the market, but returns and volume are positively correlated only for Fcoin and HitBTC, while returns and volume are negatively correlated for the rest of exchanges.
  • Although ZB has reported the biggest traded volume in the past month, PCA analysis separates it from the other top exchanges (Binance, HuobiPro, and OKEx) and show a low correlation with the market in terms of traded volume.
  • It is also interesting to note that our analysis (Figure 4b Top 5 positive correlations) accidentally reveals a shared orderbook between Upbit and Bittrex

Here, these findings are simple observations of possibly correlated variables. We share this from the point-of-view of something to look out for. Overall, our exchange analysis has proven useful to study patterns of volume and price activity in the market and identify potential manipulation, that could be confirmed using blockchain data.

Footnotes

1 The scope of this report does not cover futures contracts.

2 PCA is a technique that finds underlying variables that best differentiates your data points. In this article, we visualize and analyze along the two dimensions which the data points varies the most (see Appendix B).

3 Here, the market is refers to the trend of majority of the exchanges.

APPENDIX A: Methodology

The daily volume of cryptocurrencies in USD at 4:00 PM EST from January 16, 2019 to February 16, 2019 was used for our volume ranking. Daily volume and price for the pair ethereum_bitcoin was used for the same time period for the PCA analysis and correlation analysis. Price and volume were normalized such that its distribution had mean value 0 and standard deviation of 1 in order to perform principal component analysis and calculate price-volume correlations. In subsequent reports, we may update our universe, sectors, methodology, and analysis to reflect new developments.

APPENDIX B: Terminology

  • Correlation: A measure of the linear relationship between two series of random variables, which in the context of finance, can be two series of returns. Correlation ranges between -1 and 1. Correlation close to 1 indicates a more positive relationship between the pair of cryptocurrency returns and correlation close to -1 indicates a more negative linear relationship. Correlation close to 0 indicates no linear relationship.
  • PCA: A statistical procedure that uses an orthogonal transformation to convert a set of observations of possibly correlated variables into a set of values of linearly uncorrelated variables called principal components, in order to maximize the explained variance.

References

[1] T. (2018, December 11). Binance Losses Top Cryptocurrency Exchange Position to OKEX and ZB.Com. Retrieved from https://coingape.com/

[2] Lavere, M. (2019, February 13). Ethereum (ETH) Mining Reward Hits Lowest Ever.  Retrieved from https://ethereumworldnews.com/

[3] Bitking74. (2017, October 24). UPbit and Bittrex are sharing the same order book. This is a win win for both sides: bring some Korean liquidity to Bittrex, also the Korean users start with nicely filled order books from Bittrex. Go NEO. Neotrader [Online forum]. Retrieved from https://www.reddit.com/r/Neotrader/comments/78fztu/upbit_and_bittrex_are_sharing_the_same_order_book/

[4] J. (2018, September 18). Chinese Investor Loses 700,000 Yuan Due To Fcoin Crypto Manipulation. Retrieved from https://www.coindaily.co/

[5] Sillers, A. (2018, September 12). The evidence of OKex’s fraudulent behavior, which may point to HitBTC as well. Retrieved from https://www.chepicap.com/

Disclaimer

The information contained herein is for informational purposes only and is not intended as a research report or investment advice. It should not be construed as Coinscious recommending investment in cryptocurrencies or other products or services, or as a solicitation to buy or sell any security or engage in a particular investment strategy. Investment in the crypto market entails substantial risk. Before acting on any information, you should consider whether it is suitable for your particular circumstances and consult all available material, and, if necessary, seek professional advice.

Coinscious and its partners, directors, shareholders and employees may have a position in entities referred to herein or may make purchases and/or sales from time to time, or they may act, or may have acted in the past, as an advisor to certain companies mentioned herein and may receive, or may have received, a remuneration for their services from those companies.

Neither Coinscious or its partners, directors, shareholders or employees shall be liable for any damage, expense or other loss that you may incur out of reliance on any information contained in this report.

Cryptocurrency Triumphs & Troubles

By | News | No Comments

? U.S. Authorities Charge Leaders of ‘OneCoin’

FRIDAY, MARCH 8, 2019

United States prosecutors announced criminal charges against leaders behind OneCoin, a multibillion-dollar cryptocurrency pyramid scheme. Konstantin Ignatov, Ruja Ignatova, and Mark Scott were charged by the Southern District of New York for wire fraud, securities fraud and money laundering. An estimated $1.2 billion of investor money was laundered to at least 21 countries

SOURCE: NASDAQ


⏸  Fidelity May Delay Support for Ethereum

FRIDAY, MARCH 8, 2019

Fidelity Digital Assets (FDAS) advises support for ethereum (ETH) may be delayed due to the latest hard fork upgrades. FDAS quietly launched this quarter and is a new company created by investing giant, Fidelity Investments. FDAS president, Tom Jessop, says they want ether and other cryptocurrencies to be available but the process it’s easy. Bitcoin (BTC) is currently the only digital asset supported on the platform.

SOURCE: COINDESK


?? South Korea Establishes Task Force To Fight Crypto Fraud

FRIDAY, MARCH 8, 2019

South Korean’s Supreme Prosecutors’ Office(SPO) has created a new task force to protect consumers from fraud, crimes, money laundering, and other suspicious activities related to digital currencies. Cryptocurrency related crimes in the country have risen from 53 in 2016 to 4,500 in 2018. 

SOURCE: COINGEEK


⚙️ OKEx Lists Tron On C2C Market

THURSDAY, MARCH 7, 2019

Cryptocurrency exchange, OKEx, adds Tron (TRX) to its customer-to-customer (C2C) trading platform. The decentralized C2C platform allows users to trade assets directly with one another. In addition, users can place orders with self-selected exchange rates and pay using cryptocurrency or support fiat currencies.

SOURCE: COINGAPE


? eToro Launches Trading Platform & Wallet in the U.S.

THURSDAY, MARCH 7, 2019

eToro, the social investing and trading platform, officially announces the launch of  its fiat-to-crypto platform in the United States. The platform is already available in 140 countries worldwide and will now operate in 30 states and 2 territories in the US. Users will be able to use popular like CopyTrader to follow trading habits of individuals with a proven track record. eToro’s multi-signature wallet provide multi-coin support such as BTC, ETH, LTC, BCH, XRP and XLM

SOURCE: NEWSBTC


? SIX Teams Up With R3 Corda For New Digital Asset Exchange

THURSDAY, MARCH 7, 2019

The Swiss stock exchange, SIX, selects R3 Corda to provide its ucoming blockchain-based platform. It will use R3’s Corda Enterprise to power the Six Digital Exchange (SDX) platform to allow the issuing and trading digital assets, as well as tokenization of securities and non-bankable assets. 

SOURCE: FINEXTRA


? Coinbase Clarifies It Never Shared “Personally Identifiable” Customer Data

WEDNESDAY, MARCH 6, 2019

Coinbase is still in the hot seat since its acquisition of blockchain analytics firm, Neutrino. Tensions raised last Friday when Christine Sandler stated that the exchange’s previous analytics provider was “selling client data to outside sources” in her interview with Cheddar. A spokesperson from Coinbase has now advised Sandler misspoke and clarified the exchange never shared “personally identifiable information with any third-party blockchain analysis vendors.”

SOURCE: COINDESK


? Ripple Launches On Huobi’s OTC Platform

WEDNESDAY, MARCH 6, 2019

Cryptocurrency exchange, Huobi, now supports Ripple (XRP) on to its over-the-counter (OTC) platform which currently lists assets such as bitcoin, ethereum, tether, EOS, and Huobi Token. Huobi OTC aims to bridge the gap between fiat and digital assets, serving as an escrow for its users.

SOURCE: COINTELEGRAPH


? Swiss Stock Exchange Launches Ethereum ETP

WEDNESDAY, MARCH 6, 2019

Swiss’ SIX stock exchange launches its first ethereum-based exchange traded product (ETP) under the ticker AETH. Ethereum ETP, backed by startup Amun AG, is the second cryptocurrency-based ETP to be made available, with bitcoin ETP being the first. SIX plans to list a total of five crypto-based ETP’s which will also include ripple, bitcoin cash and litecoin. These collectively make up the Amun Crypto Basket Index  (HODL5).

SOURCES: BITCOIN.COM


? MakerDAO Holds Vote on Fee Hike for DAI

UPDATE: FRIDAY, MARCH 8, 2019

Votes are in! Users and holders of DAI in favour of increasing the DAI stability fee from 1.5% and 3.5%.

SOURCE: CRYPTOGLOBE

TUESDAY, MARCH 5, 2019

MakerDAO is asking token holders of ethereum-backed stablecoin, DAI, to vote on whether to go forth with the proposed increase in stability fees from 1.5% to 3.5%. MakerDAO’s founder, Rune Christensen, states the rationale behind the fee hike is because DAI’s dollar-peg is “almost at a breaking point”. Token holders can cast their votes here.

SOURCE: COINDESK


⚖️ Quadriga Gets 45-Day Extension from Court

TUESDAY, MARCH 5, 2019

The Canadian court has granted troubled crypto exchange, QuadrigaCX, a 45-day extension to allow for the continued search of $140 million worth of missing cryptocurrency. In addition, the court has appointed Peter Wedlake, a retired partner and senior vice president of audit firm Grant Thorton, to be the chief restructuring officer (CRO). The court has also ordered Amazon Web Services to overturn any data on the Quadriga platform originally created by Gerald Cotten, the former CEO.

SOURCE: COINDESK


☑️ Tron (TRX) Partners With Tether (USDT)

MONDAY, MARCH 4, 2019

Tron Foundation officially announces their newest partnership with Tether. The partnership will bring Tether’s USDT coin onto the TRON network by the end of Q2 2019, and allow the issuance of a TRC20-based USDT. This marks the first major cryptocurrency crossover and will allow TRX and Tether users to transact on the TRON network with access to a price-stable asset.

SOURCE: ETHEREUMWORLDNEWS


? Blockchain Watch: Hello Goodbye

FRIDAY, MARCH 8, 2019

Bitcoin whales moved a total of 9820 BTC, worth $38.4 million dollars.

THURSDAY, MARCH 7, 2019
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 6, 2019
TUESDAY, MARCH 5, 2019
MONDAY, MARCH 4, 2019

Bitcoin (BTC) and Stellar whales start off the week strong.

SUNDAY, MARCH 3, 2019

Ethereum whales are on the go, moving a total of 174, 450 ETH, worth $22.1 million dollars.

SOURCE: TWITTER


Images courtesy of Shutterstock

⚡️ Cryptocurrencies Go Live!

By | News | No Comments

?Bitcoin Finally in the Green After 6-Month Losses

FRIDAY, MARCH 1, 2019

Bitcoin (BTC), the world’s largest cryptocurrency by market cap, ends its 6-month losing streak; finally out of the red. It closed at $3,900 at the end of February. Even in this crypto winter, BTC’s bullish momentum show signs of recovery.

SOURCES: NEWSBTCCHEPICAP


? Ethereum Hard Forks Now Activated

THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 2019

Ethereum (ETH), the second largest cryptocurrency by market cap, successfully implements system upgrades Constantinople and St. Petersburg. Originally planned for January, the Constantinople fork was delayed due to concerns about potential security vulnerabilities. Both forks officially took place at block number 7,280,000. The upgrades are intended to increase the network’s efficiency and will reduce miner block rewards from 3 to 2 ETH.

SOURCE: ETHEREUM WORLD NEWS


?Facebook & Telegram To Rollout Their Own Digital Currency

THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 2019

Internet messaging giants like Facebook, Telegram and Signal, will be rolling out their own cryptocurrencies in next year. Their intent is to allow users to transfer money directly from their message platforms with the use of blockchain. The projects have been highly secretive and the question still remains whether the tech companies will fully control their cryptocurrency or if it there will be some form of decentralization.

SOURCE: NYTIMES


? Kraken Offers $100K Reward For Info On Quadriga’s Missing Funds

THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 2019

Cryptocurrency exchange, Kraken, announced they are offering a $100,000 reward to anyone who can provide the best lead on the discovery of missing coins from recently collapsed Canadian crypto exchange, Quadrigacx. It is estimated that a total of $190 million USD of Quadriga’s client funds remain inaccessible.  Kraken’s official blog highlights what is known to-date and any new tips can be submitted: here.

SOURCE: COINTELEGRAPH


? Blockchain Watch: Ripple & Stellar On The Move

WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 2019
  • Ripple: 50 separate transactions of 10M XRP each moved from Bittrex to Upbit. The total value of the transactions is equivalent to $159 million USD
  • Stellar22 separate transaction of  10M XLM each moved from Bittrex to an unknown wallet. The total value of the transactions is equivalent to $19 million USD. 

SOURCE: DAILYHODL


☑️ Ripple Now Listed on Coinbase Pro

TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 2019

Users on crypto exchange, Coinbase Pro, can now buy and sell ripple (XRP) – the third largest cryptocurrency by market cap. Despite regulatory concerns, Coinbase stands its ground and makes XRP available to its users in the US (except New York), Canada, UK, supported EU nations, Singapore and Australia, with more jurisdictions to be added in the near future. Further developments can be found on Coinbase’s official blog post.

SOURCE: COINDESK


? Bitcoin & Ethereum Indices Now Live on Nasdaq

TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 2019

Nasdaq’s integration of Brave New Coin‘s bitcoin liquid index (BLX) and ethereum liquid index (ELX) is now live. The real-time indices are available for clients using Nasdaq’s Global Index Data Service SM (GIDS). This move affirms Nasdaq’s optimism towards cryptocurrency with Adena Friedman, president and CEO, previously expressing it is a “tremendous demonstration of genius and creativity.”

SOURCE: COINTELEGRAPH


⚖️ US Government Retrieves & Returns Bitcoin to Bitfinex

MONDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 2019

The United States government has retrieved and returned 27.66270285 BTC (worth $104,000) to cryptocurrency exchange, Bitfinex. A total of 119,756 BTC were stolen during the hack of August 2016; the return represents only 0.023 % of this total.

SOURCE: COINDESK